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India Population


Highlights of Analysis:

  • India Population is increasing
  • India Population Density is increasing
  • India Life Expectancy is increasing
  • India Fertility Rate is decreasing
Every year India population is expected to increase by 3173518 people. India contributes 17.25% of world's total population. Average Life Expectancy in India is 69.489 and is expected to Increase in upcoming next 50 years.Life Expectancy is below average when compared to global average (Currently Hong Kong Ranks 1st for Life Expectancy of 85 years). How the world population is changing is of great importance for humanity’s impact on the Earth’s natural environment, but it also gives reasons to hope for a good future. India owns 0.01996% of land i.e. 2973190 Sq Kms of land and Ranks 7 when compared to other Global Countries Land area

India Population, Density, Fertility Rate and Life Expectancy Overview
India Population Analysis Year 2010 Year 2020 Year 2030
India Population (in million) 1230.98 1383.19 1512.98
India Global Rank 2nd 2nd 1st
India Global Population Share 17.69% 17.74% 17.69%
India Global Population Density 387.97 436.77 474.27
India Global Population Density Rank 196th 198th 200th
India Average Life Expectancy 66.62 69.48 71.46
India Average Life Expectancy Global Rank 143rd 144th 142nd
India Fertility Rate 2.6 2.24 2.05
India Fertility Rate Global Rank 90th 96th 96th
Note : Population Density means number of people staying per kilometer and Fertility rate means number of kids born per women

What is the Population trend of ?

  • Every year India population is expected to increase by 3173518 people. 
  • India population overall trend is expected to be Decreasing for next 50 years and expected to be in Decreasing trend for next 100 years. 
  • As per trend analysis India will have more death than births from 2062 and this will impact population growth. 
  • India Global Population Rank for next 50 years is expected to be in Range of 2nd-1st. 

What is the Population growth rate of ?

  • India population average growth rate for next 50 years is increasing at Rate of 0.59%. 
  • Overall population growth rate of India is expected to be decreasing starting Year : 2060. 

What percentage of lives in ?

  • India contributes 17.25% of world's total population. 

India
 Population Fact

India
 Total Population Trend

India
 Population Growth Rate

India
 Birth and Death Rate

Table : Past and Expected Future Population & Global Rank

Year Count(in Millions) Global Rank
2010 1230.98 Million 2nd
2020 1383.19 Million 2nd
2030 1512.98 Million 1st
2040 1605.35 Million 1st
2050 1658.97 Million 1st
2060 1678.56 Million 1st
2070 1665.17 Million 1st
2080 1626.92 Million 1st
2090 1574.79 Million 1st
2100 1516.59 Million 1st

Table : Past and Expected Future Population Growth Rate

Year Count(in Millions) Growth Rate
2010 1230.98 Million 1.37%
2020 1383.19 Million 1.11%
2030 1512.98 Million 0.83%
2040 1605.35 Million 0.55%
2050 1658.97 Million 0.33%
2060 1678.56 Million 0.14%
2070 1665.17 Million -0.02%
2080 1626.92 Million -0.14%
2090 1574.79 Million -0.22%
2100 1516.59 Million -0.29%

Table : Past and Expected Future   Population Share in world

Year Count(in Millions) Share
2010 1230.98 Million 17.69%
2020 1383.19 Million 17.74%
2030 1512.98 Million 17.69%
2040 1605.35 Million 17.42%
2050 1658.97 Million 16.97%
2060 1678.56 Million 16.42%
2070 1665.17 Million 15.74%
2080 1626.92 Million 14.99%
2090 1574.79 Million 14.25%
2100 1516.59 Million 13.55%

India Population Density


What is the Population Density of 

  • India population density is 490.99 per sq. km and is expected to be Decreasing for next 50 years. 
  • India Ranks in range of 198th-206th in term of population density around the world. 
  • As per trend, their will be decrease in population density of India. 

India
 Population Density (people per sq. km.)

Table : Past and Expected Future Population Density (people per sq. km.)

`
Year Population Density Rank
2010 387.97 196th
2020 436.77 198th
2030 474.27 200th
2040 499.88 202nd
2050 515.55 204th
2060 528.48 206th
2070 539.97 208th
2080 551.27 210th
2090 562.69 212th
2100 574.32 214th

India Average Life Expectancy

  • Average Life Expectancy in India is 69.489 and is expected to Increase in upcoming next 50 years. 
  • Life Expectancy is below average when compared to global average (Currently Hong Kong Ranks 1st for Life Expectancy of 85 years).  
  • India ranks 144th in terms of average life expectancy around the world. 

India
 Avg Life Expectancy

Table : Past and Expected Average Life Expectancy (Age) ()

Year Average Life Expectancy Rank
2010 66.62 143rd
2020 69.48 144th
2030 71.46 142nd
2040 73.09 142nd
2050 74.59 146th
2060 76.03 148th
2070 77.46 150th
2080 78.89 147th
2090 80.35 145th
2100 0

India Average Fertility Rate

  • In India, Women gives birth to 2.243 (average) children every year and this fertility rate is expected to be in decreasing trend. 
  • India rank is in range of 96th-123rd in term of average fertility rate around the world. 

India
 Fertility Rate kids per women

Table : Past and Expected Average Fertility Rate

Year Average Fertility Rate Rank
2010 2.6 90th
2020 2.24 96th
2030 2.05 96th
2040 1.92 93rd
2050 1.84 106th
2060 1.79 123rd
2070 1.77 129th
2080 1.76 141st
2090 1.77 155th
2100 1.77 165th

Conclusion of Analysis :


In 1950, India population was 376325200 and this continuously increasing at growth rate of average 0.02%.Currently India population is around 1230980691 and by year 2030 its expected to be 1512985207 .India ranks 2nd when compared to other countries population. Average Life Expectancy of India in 2010 was 66.625, in 2020 its 69.489 and by 2050 it will be 74.596.As mentioned in Highlight's India population is increasing, population density is increasing, average life expectancy is increasing and average fertility rate is decreasing.

Reference (Source) :


  • https://population.un.org/wpp/
  • https://population.un.org/wpp/DataSources/
  • https://www.wikipedia.org/
Historical population data on a sub-national level – including their administrative divisions and principal towns – is collected by Jan Lahmeyer and published at his website www.populstat.info.
The Minnesota Population Center publishes various high-quality datasets based on census data beginning in 1790. At the time of writing this source was online at www.pop.umn.edu/index.php. It focuses on North America and Europe.
The Data & Information Services Center (DISC) Archive at University of Wisconsin-Madison provides access to census data and population datasets (mostly for the Americas). At the time of writing this source was online at http://www.disc.wisc.edu.
The International Database published by the U.S. Census Bureau provides data for the time 1950-2100. At the time of writing this source was online at https://www.census.gov/data-tools/demo/idb/informationGateway.php.
The Atlas of the Biosphere publishes data on Population Density. At the time of writing this source was online at www.sage.wisc.edu/atlas/maps.

This research was last modified on .